faq

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the FCP?  

FCP是一套政策,指导app采取可持续和负责任的做法, implemented on 1st February 2013. 《澳门葡京网址》包括暂停供应商的全天然森林砍伐,并要求进行大规模的高保护价值(HCV)和高碳储量(hcs)评估,以确定天然森林和其他需要保护的重要地区.    

The FCP sets out four main policy commitments that cover:  

  • Protecting Natural 国家公园s  
  • Peatland Management  
  • Social Commitments  
  • Responsible Global Supply Chain    

 

2. Why did app create the FCP?  

Over the last decade, 人们日益认识到利用自然资源所造成的发展的环境和社会代价. 这一认识使澳门葡京官网走上了一条新的道路,在澳门葡京官网的经济模式与澳门葡京官网作为土地管理员的责任以及澳门葡京官网支持印尼及其人民的经济发展的义务之间取得平衡.

这促使澳门葡京官网在2012年6月制定了2020年可持续发展路线图愿景, which laid out specific targets and components. The FCP is a cornerstone of the Sustainability Roadmap Vision 2020.     

 

3. Does the 国家公园 Conservation Policy mean for app?  

该政策是确保印度尼西亚森林保护的一个重要里程碑和进展. 澳门葡京官网希望所有持份者都能认识到澳门葡京官网所取得的进展,并与澳门葡京官网一起落实这项计划. 澳门葡京官网非常清楚,要确保澳门葡京官网的可持续发展承诺得到落实,澳门葡京官网还有一段漫长而充满挑战的旅程. We cannot succeed alone. We will need the help and support of many of our stakeholders, 包括那些在过去曾多次严厉批评澳门葡京官网公司的公民社会人士. 澳门葡京官网知道,向一些人证明app正在兑现这些承诺还需要时间, but we are determined to succeed.

1. Do app produce any pulp from natural forest wood?  

自2013年9月起,app不再接受天然林木材进入澳门葡京官网的供应链. 100% of our fibre supply is sourced from plantation wood and certified wood.    

 

2. How much natural forest has been protected as a result of the FCP?  

对所有供应商特许的HCV和hcs进行全面评估, we have set aside 21% of our supplier concession land, totalling more than 600,000 hectares, for conservation.    

 

3. What is High Carbon Stock (hcs)?  

hcs地区是指地表有机物含量较高的地区, meaning it stores a large amount of above ground carbon. hcs areas are therefore extremely valuable in tackling climate change. The concept was first developed in agriculture industries, like the palm oil industry, 在什么情况下,森林区域被转变为农业用地,导致该区域内每总面积储存的碳量发生变化.

 

4. What is the hcs process and what are the steps involved?  

hcs方法是一种区分应受保护的森林地区的方法, from degraded lands with low carbon and biodiversity values. In the hcs Approach, satellite, 激光雷达和现场数据被收集并结合起来,以识别潜在的hcs区域. thereafter, 应用国家公园 Patch Analysis决策树来确定一个区域是否被指定为hcs.    

 

5. Who carried out the independent hcs assessments?  

hcs评估是与蚯蚓基金会合作进行的.

 

6. What are High Conservation Values (HCV)?

HCV方法是由森林管理委员会开发的,旨在维护或增强生产景观中的六种环境和社会价值. All natural habitats possess some inherent conservation value, such as the presence of rare or endemic species, sacred sites or resources harvested by local residents. 当这些值被认为具有显著意义或至关重要时,HCV区域被定义为自然栖息地.    

 

7. What is the HCV process and what are the steps involved?  

丙肝病毒方法为确定重要的保护价值(包括社会价值和环境价值),即高保护价值(HCVs),以及规划生态系统管理提供了系统基础,以确保这些保护价值得到维护或增强. There are 3 basic steps in the HCV process which are; identification, assessment and monitoring.    

 

8. 如果土地不符合“高保育价值(HCV)”或“高碳储量(hcs)”标准,是否仍可清理土地?

There are six classifications to the hcs method we are applying. In descending order of value, they are: high-density forest, medium density forest, low-density forest, young regenerating forest, scrub and open land. The hcs threshold is set so that scrub and open land can be developed.    

 

9. For HCV 5 and 6 (community) approaches, what will be done by the company?  

The primary strategy is the use of Free, 事先知情同意(FPIC),让当地社区参与有关土地利用的决策过程. 澳门葡京官网也有健全的申诉程序,社区可以通过该程序表达他们可能存在的任何关切. For developed areas, our aim is to ensure that the HCVs are maintained or enhanced, and for communities to have access to those values.  

 

10. Will app continue to convert degraded or denuded land?  

“降级”和“裸化”这两个术语以前很难量化,对不同的利益相关者可能有不同的含义. to clarify, app will only develop areas that are not forested, as identified through the company’s HCV and hcs studies.    

 

11. What is the Integrated Sustainable 国家公园 Management Plan (ISFMP)?  

ISFMP流程通过对hcv进行的各种评估收集建议和数据, hcs, Social Impact, peat mapping, 和增长和产量评估-形成一个管理计划,为澳门葡京官网的每一个供应商的让步. 这一过程包括一个广泛的利益相关方磋商过程,以确保ISFMP考虑到他们的关切.    

 

12. What is the outcome of rolling out the ISFMP to all 38 suppliers?  

38家供应商的ISFMP已于2016年完成,其中几家已获得印尼政府的批准. 这些计划也已编制成手册,作为执行指南. Based on the first version of the plans, the protected areas in app’s suppliers’ concessions increased by 15 percent.

1. Precisely how much land/forest are you going to restore?  

该组织已作出雄心勃勃的承诺,要保护和恢复印度尼西亚100万公顷的天然森林. The commitment, which takes the company well beyond its legal conservation requirements, is approximately equivalent to the total area of plantations in indonesia, from which the company sources pulp fibre. also, 100万公顷是澳门葡京官网认为在澳门葡京官网确定的优先景观中需要恢复和/或保护的大约土地面积.    

 

2. How are you proposing to restore it?

恢复是澳门葡京官网综合可持续森林管理计划的一部分,将根据专家的建议进行, including HCV, hcs, peatland and social experts, and relevant NGOs. To achieve the one million hectare target, 澳门葡京官网资助由Belantara基金会运营的特定项目。Belantara基金会是印尼的一个赠款机构,通过在预留给保护区的地区建立当地的可持续性项目来保护印尼的景观, reforestation and sustainable community development - and other partners.    

 

3. How will this initiative be funded?  

Financing large, landscape-scale conservation programmes at this scale requires substantial, broad based funding and strong multi-stakeholder collaboration. 仅仅来自app的主要资金——尽管数额巨大——是不够的. 这些森林具有全球重要性,为它们的未来提供资金是所有受益于它们的企业的责任. 澳门葡京官网目前正在研究各种独立和透明的资助机制,并将在适当时候公布更多细节.    

 

4. 这些承诺是否包括现有的保护区和政府强制划定的土地?  

澳门葡京官网的承诺是保护和恢复已确定的景观中的100万公顷. We are currently working with our partners, including Belantara, and other NGOs to develop a detailed plan of how this will be done.    

 

5. app将如何保护app特许权之外的新恢复区域免受未来侵犯? Aren’t they just going to be encroached again?  

This is a huge challenge and it is not one we undertake lightly. 这就是为什么澳门葡京官网强调多方利益相关者、跨部门协调的方法. We have consulted relevant stakeholders including communities, concession holders, local government and NGOs. 这导致了诸如综合林业等各种战略和倡议的部署 & Farming System (IFFS) programme and increased monitoring. 澳门葡京官网通过使用森林覆盖预警技术和社区地面监测网络,加强了对森林变化的监测.    

app will continue to strengthen its forest protection efforts, particularly through involving communities. app also is looking into new ways to improve the effectiveness of its patrol, 例如,根据MDA接收到的森林覆盖数据改进巡逻路线, 并将SMART巡逻理念整合到供应商的森林安全巡逻中.    

 

6. 你认为落实这项修复承诺的最大挑战是什么?  

Coordination and engagement will be the biggest challenges. 这是一项巨大的事业,涉及许多组织和当地社区. So, our challenge is going to be management as much as anything else.

1. Will peatlands be restored?  

泥炭的保护可以包括泥炭的恢复——重新湿润和管理水位,以及恢复地表以下泥炭的功能, 泥炭恢复——恢复上面的泥炭植被,提高地下的水文能力. 恢复和恢复泥炭地是应用程序保护森林免受火灾风险和减少温室气体排放的一些最有效的方法.    

app遵循包括印度尼西亚泥炭署在内的专家的指导,作为泥炭管理最佳实践的一部分,以决定在特定的景观中选择何种方案. Working with Deltares, app在2015年和2017年分别完成了两次激光雷达测绘,覆盖5次.5 million hectares. We have also built 5,076周边运河大坝,在供应商生产区域附近的天然森林中重新湿润和保持水位. So far app has retired 7,000 hectares of peatland.  

 

2. Does the FCP mean you will no longer be developing peatland in indonesia?  

印度尼西亚的政府已颁布一项永久禁令,禁止对原始森林和泥炭地进行新的开发, which prevents all companies from doing so.    

 

3. 如果所有评估都已完成,为什么app只收回7000公顷泥炭地?  

From the hcs and HCV assessments, app was able to identify, using scientific data, peatland areas of high worth. The most important of which are in the retired 7,000 hectares of peatland. 废弃的泥炭地是app的试验台,用来观察各种恢复和恢复过程的有效性. app计划继续审查数据,并确实打算让更多泥炭地退役.    

 

4. 在恢复和将退化泥炭地交易为可能拥有天然森林和社区所有权的地区方面缺乏进展. What are your comments?  

app completed a second LiDAR mapping of peatland areas in 2017, which covers approximately 5 million hectares across Riau, jambi, South Sumatra (Musi) Banyuasin (Muba), Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI)) and West Kalimantan. Following the first LiDAR mapping in 2015, 第二次测绘提供了更精细的网格和更高分辨率的表面模型和水域分区, giving app a better understanding of the depth and condition of the peat.    

app has also built 5,076周边运河大坝,以重新湿润和保持其供应商生产区附近的天然森林的水位.    

in addition, app retired 7,南苏门答腊岛Berbak-Sembilang国家公园附近的泥炭地上的000公顷商业种植园, which are now used to develop knowledge on strategies to restore peat, including on assisted restoration.    

app正在与学者和研究人员合作,寻找大规模恢复泥炭森林的合适方法. In collaboration with Gadjah Mada University (UGM), app已经确定了12种能够在地下水位较高的泥炭地生长的商业化物种, restoration and community production (paludiculture) purposes. Four of the species are already planted and monitored in a trial site in Riau.    

 

5. How are you going to deal with peat subsidence on your plantations?  

澳门葡京官网现在有一个泥炭地专家小组,他们正在分析种植园和天然林的地面情况, and we will take their advice, to ensure that we are implementing best management practices for peatland. Additionally, we are focused on the conservation of forested peatlands.

1. What is the SVLK?  

SVLK是印尼政府要求的木材产品合法性强制性认证. 它的发展部分是由于欧盟木材条例中规定的欧盟的高进口标准, but it will cover both timber for the domestic market and for export. SVLK provides assurance to our trading partners, customers, 并最终向消费者保证,澳门葡京官网提供的产品是可验证的,符合我国严格的合法性和监管链要求.    

As countries around the world – including the United States, canada, Australia and the EU – seek greater transparency and accountability, when fully implemented across indonesia, SVLK将建立一个印尼森林产品合法采购和加工的新标准.    

 

2. What is the status of app’s SVLK certification?  

在SVLK系统的第一阶段,app的纸浆和造纸厂是首批获得SVLK认证的工厂之一. 这个系统创建了一个更严格的程序,旨在确保工厂只接收和加工合法来源的合法木材, 所有从中国出口的产品都可追溯至可核实的原产地.    

app印尼的所有8家工厂都通过了SVLK和纸浆采购认证,并经过了莱茵兰TUV的审核, an international Certification Body headquartered in Germany, as of December 2012. All 38 app suppliers in indonesia are SVLK certified.    

 

3. Do the indonesian standards of sustainable forest management, lei and phpl, stand comparison with international standards?  

app’s position is to embrace all credible certifications, 认识到每个认证计划都有自己的一套严格的标准,以确保产品的某些属性带有其批准印章. 认证是澳门葡京官网的客户确保他们采购负责任生产的产品的一种方式. There is a wide range of certifications available in the paper industry, each with its own set of principles and criteria, and each with its own strengths and weaknesses.    

app is also a member of indonesian 国家公园ry Certification Cooperation (IFCC), 这是印度尼西亚于2011年建立的林业认证计划,目标是获得PEFC的完全认可. Once the IFCC standard is fully developed and endorsed by PEFC. app的纤维来源是通过PEFC认证的100%可持续管理的森林.    

 

4. app是否有足够的种植纤维来满足其现有和任何其他纸浆厂的生产能力?  

蚯蚓基金会和Ata Marie对app的种植增长率和纸浆产量进行了详细而全面的研究,涵盖了所有38家供应商的特许权. 木材供应研究发现,有足够的种植纤维供应app在印度尼西亚的纸浆厂,包括其在OKI的新纸浆厂的需求, South Sumatra – through to 2022. 研究还提出了提高人工林生产力的建议, reduce wastage, and to adopt a more integrated Plantation Yield Regulation System (PYRS), which would extend fibre supply beyond 2022.    

 

5. Surely it is better for the planet to have some recycled content

澳门葡京官网全力支持回收材料在全球纸浆和纸张供应链中的作用. Indeed, we manufacture many products with recycled content. however, wood fibre can only be recycled a limited number of times due to degradation, so a source of virgin fibre will always be needed. With the rapid harvest rotation of our forest plantations, app拥有可再生原始纤维的可持续来源,最终可用于回收利用.  

 

6. How long are app concession rights for this period?

在印度尼西亚,工业种植园森林特许权许可证的有效期通常为40至100年. When that runs out, the company can request an extension of the license, or can return it to the government.    

 

7. Why do you claim plantation fibre is renewable? It’s not like solar energy or wind power.  

人工林纤维是可再生的,因为澳门葡京官网重新种植树木,以取代那些已经收获的树木. These trees grow very quickly thanks to indonesia’s tropical climate, so we are able to harvest them at shorter intervals.    

 

8. What are app’s future land needs?  

app may, in the future, 从新的供应商那里获得资源,这些供应商拥有从非林地开发的新或已建立的种植园, to augment the wood supply for its operations. These are commercial decisions to be made by app, and all new sourcing will be expected to comply with the terms of our FCP, the Responsible Fibre Procurement & Processing Policy, and Supplier Evaluation & Risk Assessment.    

 

9. app的一些木材来自公开市场供应商(Open Market Suppliers),这些供应商并不在app的控制之下. 公司如何确保这些种植园的耕作方式是不可持续的?  

We require all of our suppliers, both in indonesia and globally, to comply with the commitments of our 国家公园 Conservation Policy (FCP). 确保全球所有纤维供应商支持负责任的森林管理, 澳门葡京官网制定了负责任的纤维采购和采购政策, with the support of the Earthworm Foundation, a Sustainable 国家公园 Management (SFM) supplier scorecard. In the event of any non-compliance, such as burning, app将毫不犹豫地立即采取行动,以确保严格遵守公司的可持续发展政策. in addition, 澳门葡京官网有严格的供应商评估和风险评估(SERA),以确保澳门葡京官网的供应链的完整性.    

 

10. How can we be sure that app will keep to its sustainability promises?  

since 2015, app已投资超过1.5亿美元用于综合消防管理系统(IFMS),以抗击火灾和雾霾. Apart from employing over 3,000 firefighters and state of the art firefighting equipment, app has also initiated the Integrated 国家公园ry and Farming System (IFFS), 一个教育当地社区现代农业技术和焚烧土地的危险的项目. 澳门葡京官网还计划继续参与这种可持续的努力,并与澳门葡京官网的利益攸关方共同努力,采取负责任的行动.    

While these sustainability commitments have required significant investment, app has benefitted from greater access to markets. 澳门葡京官网也能够把更多的时间花在处理业务上,而不是抵御攻击. on the whole, being sustainable has been profitable for app, and there is no reason for us to go back on our sustainability promises.

1. What is IFFS?

asia pulp & Paper (app) launched the Integrated 国家公园ry and Farming System (IFFS), also known as Desa Makmur Peduli Api (DMPA) 这是一个农业生态项目,旨在通过增强当地社区的经济实力,减少他们对天然森林的依赖,并提供传统的刀耕火种农业做法的替代方案,来减少对森林的威胁.

The IFFS program, which was introduced during COP21 in Paris, intends to benefit households in 500 villages that are located within and surrounding app and its suppliers’ concessions in 5 provinces.  

 

2. Why was the IFFS program developed?

Among the key focus areas of app’s 国家公园 Conservation Policy (FCP) is 改善民生,与各利益相关方保持良好关系, which is achieved through constructive engagement with local and indigenous communities as well as by empowering local residents.  

Simultaneously, in implementing the FCP as a whole, app was facing challenges related to production, 环境和生物多样性管理以及当地社会动态管理, especially since illegal logging, encroachment and, among many others, traditional agricultural practices, including slash and burn, are still prevalent among local communities.  

as such, 当地居民必须是可持续森林管理的内在和重要组成部分,森林管理协会希望通过IFFS项目使他们成为积极参与者来实现这一目标, which aims to be the best practices benchmark for sustainable, community-based forest conservation efforts.  

     

3. What are the goals of the IFFS program?

i. Improving 国家公园 Management and Livelihoods

改善森林管理,并获得当地社区和利益攸关方的支持,以实施app的综合可持续森林管理计划(ISFMP)。. 该项目还旨在通过整合森林资源和农作物的使用,开发当地社区的社会经济潜力,并改善粮食安全.  

ii. Participatory Mapping of Resources and Borders

与当地社区合作,正确界定村庄边界和相邻的森林区域.  

iii. Knowledge and Technology Transfer

Establish a knowledge exchange between app and local communities, including learning about local wisdoms, in order to develop the best solution that ensures a healthy, sustainable environment alongside a productive, growing local economy.  

iv. Protecting and Maintaining 国家公园 Areas

Heighten awareness, 在预防火灾方面发挥作用,增加地方社区的积极参与, illegal logging, 通过负责任和生产性地使用森林资源而造成的侵蚀以及森林和泥炭退化  

v. Resolving and Preventing Local Conflicts

Encourage mutual cooperation; create harmonious relationships as well as constructive interaction channels between local communities and app (including its suppliers) as a means to mitigate potential misunderstanding, land disputes and conflicts.  

vi. Partnering in Product Marketing

指导当地社区应用销售技术,以扩大其现有市场或为其农林业活动(农业)生产的商品打入新的市场, fisheries, animal husbandry, 娱乐技术中心.)    

 

4. Who is the IFFS program targeted at?

ifs项目的目标是位于app及其供应商特许经营区内的5个省的500个村庄, which are Riau, jambi, South Sumatra, East and West Kalimantan.  

 

5. How are the IFFS program participants selected?

app确定了799个位于app及其供应商特许经营区内或周边的村庄. From this figure, 通过测绘调查选择了500个村庄,因为它们符合为实施ifffs方案所概述的优先标准.  

最终选择受益村时采用的优先标准是:

i. 该村庄位于租界区域内或附近,最大距离为3公里

ii. 村民对特许区内的森林资源依赖程度较高

iii. The villages have a history of fires (forest, bush, 娱乐技术中心.) in the last 3 years

iv. 这些村民正在或曾经参与非法采伐、侵占或砍伐森林  

 

6. How much investment is involved in the IFFS program?

迄今为止,app已承诺在5年(2015 - 2020年)期间为IFFS计划i提供1000万美元.e. USD 2 million per year.  

app将在5年结束时评估项目的有效性,然后决定将向该项目投入多少资金.  

 

7. How does the IFFS program work?

i. Collaboration

加强app与当地社区、相关方和公众的合作

ii. Community Empowerment

Empowering communities economically and socially

iii. Integrated Efforts

整合各种活动,以创建一个更全面的方法,这将有助于项目实现其关键目标

iv. Market Linkages

Building partnerships between producers i.e. local communities with the market

v. Local Resources Basis

Strengthening and prioritizing the use of local resources.  

 

8. What efforts are involved in the IFFS program?

Implementation efforts of the IFFS program involve 5 key steps, which are:

i. Village participatory mapping

ii. Transfer of knowledge and new technology

iii. Community participation in forest protection and conservation efforts

iv. Conflict prevention and resolution initiatives

v. 支持业务发展,以创造一个更高效和富有成效的经济环境,并促进伙伴关系,以便将产品推向市场

 

9. Are there monetary distributions in the IFFS program

IFFS计划的参与者没有直接的货币分配,因为捐款通常是实物捐助. 任何货币支出都通过村所有企业或村贸易合作社进行.  

 

10. What are the programs involved in the IFFS program?

国际农业论坛计划中的园艺项目和活动多种多样,其目的不仅在于提高计划受益人的家庭收入,还在于加强村庄一级的粮食安全. These activities include, but are not limited to:  

i. Fruit Farming (papayas, melons, citruses, 娱乐技术中心.

ii. Vegetable Farming (beans, spinach, chillies, 娱乐技术中心.)

iii. Food Crops (rice, corn, soybeans, 娱乐技术中心.)

iv. Livestock Rearing (poultry, goats, cows, ducks)

v. Fisheries (catfish, tilapia)

vi. home Industries (tofu, banana chips, 娱乐技术中心.)  

 

11. What are the expected benefits or the IFFS program?

IFFS计划的预期影响和/或好处包括但不限于:

i. 增加计划受益人的收入和整体经济福利

ii. 改善参与村庄的粮食安全和粮食库存

iii. app与供应商与当地社区的关系更加和谐

iv. 解决现有的冲突(内部和外部的),并能够防止新的冲突的发生

v. 建立或加强地方经济机构(村办企业), trade cooperatives, 娱乐技术中心.)

vi. 地方社区和村庄行政机构在可持续森林管理和养护工作中发挥积极作用  

 

12. app在IFFS项目中与哪些利益相关者/合作伙伴合作?

ifs计划的实施取决于关键和相关利益攸关方的持续参与. 这包括政府机构和民间团体,特别是在村庄一级运作的团体. app还密切合作,旨在加强对村级事业单位和行政机构以及村办企业的支持, known as BUMdes, trade cooperatives and farmer groups, known as Gapoktan.  

 

13. What are the challenges faced by app in the IFFS program?

成功实施IFFS计划所面临的挑战包括:

i. 必须改变社区对app和/或IFFS项目的看法,以便在能够继续实施项目之前获得他们的支持

ii. Developing and strengthening the capacity of the related local communities

iii. 建立村级经济机构,担任村级国际农业联合会项目的项目经理    

 

14. What is the support required by app for the IFFS program?

应用程序欢迎感兴趣的合作伙伴和/或利益攸关方作为IFFS计划受益人的实施伙伴或供应链伙伴提供各种类型的支持. These may include government agencies, civil societies, 学术机构和私营部门, among others. 

1. 尽管有森林保护政策(FCP),但app在解决与社区的土地冲突方面进展缓慢. What are your comments?

社会和土地冲突是非常复杂的问题,需要大量的时间来友好地解决. app has categorised eight types of conflicts, of which only four do we have a large influence in resolving. So far, app has resolved 49%  of all identified conflicts. 冲突的解决必须是彻底和可持续的,这些进程不能匆忙.  

 

2. What is Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC)?

Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC), developed by the NGO 国家公园 peoples Programme, 一个社区是否有权同意或拒绝同意可能会影响到他们习惯上拥有的土地的拟议项目, occupy or otherwise use. More information can be found at: http://www.forestPeoples.org/guiding-principles/free-prior-and-informed-consent-fpic

 

3. How will app identify social conflict?

Resolving social conflict in and around concession areas covering over 2.6m ha of land is a long and complex process. 第一步是回顾当前的社会冲突解决方案和程序,并修改它们或开发额外的. 下一步是提高app和app林业管理者处理社会冲突的能力, 从培训如何更好地绘制和分类供应链中的冲突开始. 只有当所有的社会冲突都被绘制出来并以系统的方法和方法进行排序之后, 为了解决冲突,澳门葡京官网是否能够对在何处分配管理资源做出明智的决定.